A BRIEF HISTORY OF CERAMIC BOTTLES AND JARS factories and manufacturing:
ROCKWOOD GLASS GROUP acquired an existing bottle ceramic factory in China in 2015. CEO HENRI BERTHE found that many customers were requesting exceptional bottle shapes that could not be achieved with glass , this is how the group invested in a small CERAMIC BOTTLE MANUFACTURER with a long experience in carving ceramic bottles.
CERAMIC BOTTLES and JARS, first appeared in China about 18 000 BCE, there were used to carry water and preserve food. Our museum includes some reproductions of these CERAMIC JARS or bottles , and strange enough in thousands of years, the technique to produce these CERAMIC BOTTLE has not change much.
We still use clay and water to make the material mixture , the cooking and glazing are achieved in the very same methods as in the early age of ceramic manufacturing, although bottle ceramic manufacturers created modern methods , using MOLDS to shape the bottles.
In Glass bottle making, there is a 2 piece mold ,made of iron and only a few molds are necessary to produce large numbers of bottles. In ceramic factories , there are thousands of molds made to produce large number of bottles.
The group produces today millions of bottles , some large customers like the SPI GROUP, STOLISHNAYA vodka and KAH TEQUILA are now produced in China, using craft ancestral methods to produce their ceramic bottles, same for COGNAC and WHISKY craft distillers looking for luxury ceramic collections.
Each CERAMIC BOTTLE is manufactured with a different style, there is not one model the same. The ceramic factory pays attention to every detail to make each bottle unique.
Ceramics is one of the most ancient industries going back several ,thousands of years. Once humans discovered that clay could be found in abundance and formed into objects by first mixing with water and then firing, a key industry was born. The oldest known ceramic artifact is dated as early as 28,000 BCE (BCE = Before Common Era), during the late Paleolithic period. It is a statuette of a woman, named the Venus of Dolní Věstonice, from a small prehistoric settlement near Brno, in the Czech Republic. In this location, hundreds of clay figurines representing Ice Age animals were also uncovered near the remains of a horseshoe-shaped kiln.
The first examples of pottery appeared in Eastern Asia several thousand years later. In the Xianrendong cave in China, fragments of pots dated to 18,000-17,000 BCE have been found. It is believed that from China the use of pottery successively spread to Japan and the Russian Far East region where archeologists have found shards of ceramic artifacts dating to 14,000 BCE.
Use of ceramics bottles and jars increased dramatically during the Neolithic period, with the establishment of settled communities dedicated to agriculture and farming. Starting approximately in 9,000 BCE, clay-based ceramics bottles became popular as containers for water and food, art objects, tiles and bricks, and their use spread from Asia to the Middle East and Europe. The early products were just dried in the sun or fired at low temperature (below 1,000°C) in rudimentary kilns dug into the ground. Pottery was either monochrome or decorated by painting simple linear or geometric motifs.
It is known that, around 7,000 BCE, people were already using sharp tools made from obsidian, a natural occurring volcanic glass. The Roman historian Pliny reported that the first man-made glass was accidentally produced by Phoenician merchants in 5,000 BCE, when, while resting on a beach, they placed cooking pots on sodium-rich rocks near a fire. The heat from the fire melted the rocks and mixed them with the sand, forming molten glass.
Archeologists have not been able to confirm Pliny’s recount. Instead, simple glass items, such as beads, have been discovered in Mesopotamia and Egypt dating to 3,500 BCE. At the beginning of the Bronze Age, glazed pottery was produced in Mesopotamia. However, it was not until 1,500 BCE that Egyptians started building factories to create glassware for ointments and oils.
One of the first breakthroughs in the fabrication of ceramics was the invention of the wheel, in 3,500 BCE. The introduction of the wheel allowed for the utilization of the wheel-forming technique to produce ceramic artifacts with radial symmetry.
Meanwhile, ceramic pottery evolved in its use of increasingly elaborated bottles and jars for liquid. Ceramic bottles made their way very late in the modern culture. Ceramic bottles were first use for decorative objects. Decorations also involved the use oxidizing and reducing atmosphere during firing to achieve special effects. Greek Attic vases of the 6th and 5th centuries BCE are considered the apex of this evolution.